ItemMethodologizing Transnationality: Relational Writing as Collective Inquiry(SAGE Publications Inc., 2024-01) Lee, Sun Young; Son, Minhye; Kim, Taeyeon; Jung, Jin Kyeong; Jang, Soo BinHow can we take transnationality as a space of in-betweenness to generate new possibilities, moving beyond geographically bounded spans between countries? This article presents five authors' collective inquiry on transnational positionalities, which we practiced through the relational, transformative, and reflective writing of the self in a community space. We staged the collaborative writing into two processes: the emergent process of thematic writing and the relay writing. Interweaving "I" and "we" voices that cannot be captured through categorical thinking, our collaborative quest resists normative identity politics, proposing writing as a method of collective inquiry for the nuanced understanding of the transnationality that embraces flows, margins, and uncertainties. Collaborative writing, we argue, is a transformative opportunity for methodologizing transnationality and decolonizing qualitative inquiry. ItemIntegrating mathematics and science to explain socioscientific issues in educational comics for elementary school students(Routledge, 2023-12) Abrori, Fadhlan Muchlas; Prodromou, Theodosia; Alagic, Mara; Livits, Reka; Kasti, Houssam; Lavicza, Zsolt; Anđić, BrankoIntegrating socioscientific issues (SSI) into education is gaining widespread adoption in classrooms due to its positive impact on student's critical thinking, environmental awareness, holistic knowledge and/or the idea of combining science and mathematics. This paper explores the idea of using comics as appropriate media for elementary school students to engage with SSI content. Because of the difficulties in integrating SSI into classrooms, SSI-based learning is more commonly applied in high school and higher education settings, with limited implementation in earlier education. To answer this gap, we developed comics that have SSI content for elementary schools. Comics are chosen as reliable tools for visualising and simplifying complex concepts and making SSI content more accessible and engaging. This paper describes our comics on earthquake-related issues in Indonesia and the principles that guided its design. SSI inherently involves multiple perspectives, so the integration brings together science, and mathematics within the one comic. In integrating different disciplines of comic content, we utilised the rule-of-five framework, widely employed to merge five representational models (experiential, verbal, numerical, visual, and symbolic) commonly used in developing content combining two or more different academic disciplines. ItemThe Unbearable Unaccountability of Academia: A Critical Review of Implicit Bias Training for the Racialization of Discipline(Routledge, 2023-11) Ko, Dosun; Bal, AydinImplicit racial bias has gained attention as a central contributor to enduring racial disparities in various systems in the United States, such as in criminal justice, particularly regarding police violence--and in education as related to school discipline. Scholars in education have suggested multiple strategies and products (e.g., professional development modules) to raise awareness among practitioners about their implicit biases. Similar to other individualistic approaches, such as the concept of grit, the implicit-bias approach has gained popularity in academia and practice as a remedy for racial disparities. This paper criticizes these product-oriented, individualistic solutions, targeting changes in an individual's psychological traits. Building upon a collective, participatory form of knowledge production activity led by a rural high school serving American Indian youth, we call for redirection to systemic transformation in the dysfunctional discipline system to address racial injustice in discipline with--not for--educators, students, families, and community members. ItemTeacher perception of language differences: challenging the normative futurity and native speakerism(Routledge, 2023-05-22) Lee, Sun Young; Kim, JieunWhile teachers value cultural and linguistic diversity, they see the benefits of speaking different languages in the future tense, feeling it hard to specify how language differences positively impact students? learning in the present. This study explores teachers? temporal perceptions of language differences, specifically focusing on how teacher perceptions of language differences as "future assets" are intertwined with native speakerism in the present. It draws on multi-year interviews that unveil how teachers prioritise monolingualism as the norm of classroom discourse and juxtaposes teachers' accounts with an immigrant child's navigation of cultural-linguistic assets to speak Korean and English in non-school contexts. Through this, we argue that, whereas teachers see the potential benefits of speaking different languages that seek to pluralise the educational futures, they continue to hold the normative view on language differences by not being offered the epistemic tools to question whose future and whose language are imagined as the desired endpoints of language education. Approaching teachers? statements as the outcome of the limited epistemic principles of normative futurity, this study calls for disrupting the continuity of native speakerism to support culturally and linguistically diverse students through the non-linear, reparative, and multiple relations to the futures in language education. ItemLearning lab as a utopian methodology for future making: Decolonizing knowledge production toward racial justice in school discipline(Routledge, 2023-05-02) Ko, Dosun; Bal, Aydin; Bird Bear, Aaron; Orie, Linda; Mawene, DianStudents from minoritized communities in US public schools face harsher exclusionary discipline, leading to negative academic, social, and emotional outcomes. Racial disproportionality in school discipline is a critical inequity that requires ecologically valid solutions with local stakeholders. The Indigenous Learning Lab (ILL) was implemented to address racial disproportionality that American Indian students experience at a rural high school serving a band of an Anishinaabe nation in the United States. ILL is an inclusive systemic design process informed by cultural historical activity theory and decolonizing methodology. This study explores how ILL facilitated local stakeholders' utopian future-making by means of Ruth Levitas's (2013) three modes of utopian methodology - utopia as archeology, architecture, and ontological becoming - to dismantle an oppressive settler-colonial school discipline system.