Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.5 no.1

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    A factor analytic reexamination of two popular surveys of mental health attitudes
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1980) Wahl, O. F.; Zastowny, T. R.; Briggs, David
    The Custodial Mental Illness Idology Scale (CMI) and the Opinions About Mental Illness Scale (OMI) were completed by 268 members of two community volunteer organizations in upstate New York. Responses to each instrument were then subjected to factor analysis. Important similarities and differences from original factor conceptions were apparent. OMI factors emerged which were clear duplication of the current Mental Hygiene Ideology and Interpersonal Etiology factors. Three other factors-Fearful Restrictiveness, Authoritarian Separatism, and Personal Inadequacy Orientation-emerged which deviated substantially from current OMI scoring. The CMI analysis showed Custodialism and Humanism still to be major attitudes tapped by that instrument, but these attitudes appeared to be separate factors rather than two poles of a single continuum. In addition, a third CMI factor, Paternalism, emerged. It was concluded that the OMI and CMI continue to be useful in assessing important and stable dimensions attitudes toward mental illness and treatment but that deviations in factor structure, as a result of time and/or subject differences, must be considered for best overall application of these instruments.
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    Dimensions of adjustment for American settlers in Melbourne, Australia
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1980) Bardo, John W.; Bardo, Deborah J.
    A general sample of adult American settlers in Melbourne, Australia, (N = 116) was administered a questionnaire containing life satisfaction items and a personal data section. One section of this questionnaire contained a 29-item "Satisfaction with Life in Australia" scale. This scale was factor analyzed using an oblique algorithm; a solution with six factors resulted. Factors dealt with Homeiness and Housing (I), Missing Relatives and Friends in the U.S. (II), Cultural Expressions (III), Work Orientation (IV), Degree of Isolation (V), and General Alienation (VI). Results were discussed in relation to studies on other migrant groups and possible significance of family to American settlers.
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    Can P-technique diagnosis be practicably shortened?: Some proposals and a test of a 50-day abridgment
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1980) Cattell, Raymond B. (Raymond Bernard), 1905-1998; Cattell, Heather Birkett
    The remarkable neglect by clinicians of the only positive comprehensive technique for determining unique dynamic structure is traced to an educational schism, excessive time demand, and lack of clinic-computer hook-ups. This study enquires if cutting the time (number of occasions) in half would still have statistical-psychometric reliability. It finds by comparison of 5 factor analyses on an original 100 occasion P-technique, using the MAT on an alcoholic, that the factor structure is excellently preserved, and that the correlation among dynamic source factors are tolerably preserved. The new findings emerges that these patterns in the dynamic structure remain constant in comparison of the first and second six (50 occasions): despite very significant changes in the levels of the traits, i.e., structure transcends the levels of stimulation. As far as the consistency of dynamic structure itself is concerned P-technique could therefore be much abridged. Two further radical improvements for practice are proposed for investigation: (1) Shortening and automation of objective motivation measurement devices, with computer hook-up, and (2) Provision of standard stimulus sequences e.g., in a movie, capable of provoking a series of emotional-motivational states in a relatively short time period.
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    A cross-cultural factorial study of an academic interest inventory
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1980) Snyder, Conrad W., Jr.; Baggaley, Andrew R.; Ziyane, Masotsha Joel
    An academic interest inventory was factor analyzed in three samples: an American senior high school group, an American college freshman group, and a Swazi (African) senior high school group. Five factors were identified in each of the samples independently analyzed; the five factors were interpreted as "commercial," "verbal-social studies-cultural," "nurturant," "medical," and "mechanical" interests. The items marking these factors were statistically significantly similar across the samples, indicating substantial stability in the structure of academic interests within and across cultures.