Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.8 no.2

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    Two clinical validation studies on the State form and types of reliability of the trait form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1987) Dreger, Ralph Mason; Brabham, James Leander, 1940-
    To determine the "real life" validity of the State form (experimental B-1 and final X-1) of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, two P-technique analysis studies were carried out. The first utilized two therapists and two of their respective clients. The second involved two patients on an alcoholic treatment unit and their therapists. Expected relations in the first study between clients' responses to the STAI B-1, a separate Daily Diary, and therapists' judgments were not entirely forthcoming. However, the second study showed expected correlations between measures of psychophysiological functions, psychological tests, and the clinicians' judgement. Several reliability indices applied to the Trait form (B-2 and X-2) showed considerable relation between two administrations two months and one month apart respectively.
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    The experience of being understood: A phenomenological-structural analysis
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1987) Prilleltensky, Isaac, 1959-; Lobel, Thalma
    The research on Interpersonal Understanding, until now, was done mainly through the concept of Empathy. In spite of the many theoretical and empirical research studies done on empathy, a content and structural definition of this term has not been reached until now. Interpersonal Understanding is composed of two feelings: 1 - understanding the other, 2 - being understood by the other. Two studies were designed to explore the reactions to "being understood." The first study described the feelings of this experience by a phenomenological method and thirteen categories of content were discovered to be indispensable and obligatory composers of the experience "being understood." A "Cilindrex" three dimensional structure of the investigated phenomenon was obtained by the INDSCAL method in study II. This structure is composed of three facets that were interpreted in terms of: 1 - A state of power that is enhanced by the understood person's feelings (weakness or strength); 2 - Quality of feeling (basic or elevated); 3 - Focus of feeling (intrapersonal or interpersonal). It was also found that these facets characterize each one, respectively, the feelings of being understood by: 1 - parents, 2 - friends and 3 - couple. Tentative answers have been given to these differences. The discussion points out to the firstness of the experience of being understood and its importance as an agent of essential psychological human need.
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    Secondary mood-type factors in the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV)
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1987) Boyle, Gregory J.
    The DES-IV (a 49-item version of the Differential Emotions Scale) was administered to 212 undergraduate college students on two separate measurement occasions. The resulting subscale scores were intercorrelated and subjected to an iterative principal factoring procedure together with rotation to direct Oblimin simple structure, for each measurement occasion separately. Three emotional/mood-type factors accounted for much of the variance in the DES-IV subscales, suggesting the feasibility of scoring the instrument for typological factors. Comparisons with previous higher-order factorings of the instrument are made and results are discussed in terms of obtained coefficients of concordance across measurement occasions.
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    Replicated confirmatory parcel analysis of the university residence environment scale
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1987) Bolton, Brian, 1939-; Brookings, Jeffrey B.
    Confirmatory factor analysis of the University Resident Environment Scale (URES) using items parcels and two independent samples of university students illustrates a general procedure for verifying the subscale structure of multiscale inventories. Analyses by LISREL VI of 30 parcels representing 10 URES subscales validated all scales except Student Influence, which was not supported in either sample. Features of the proposed confirmatory strategy, as well as some problems that may occur, are discussed briefly.