Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.2 no.4

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    Some differential ability patterns in children and their relationship to environmental and personality dimensions
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1976) Barton, Keith
    First, evidence is presented to show that children with discrepant ability patterns tend to differ consistently on several personality dimensions and in their environmental experiences. Second, a theoretical model, linking ability patterns to personality and environmental variables is suggested based on the empirical evidence. Finally, ways of testing this model are discussed and some possible implications detailed.
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    A second order factor analysis of community satisfaction in a British New Town
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1976) Bardo, John W.; Newton, R. D.
    First-order community satisfaction factors derived in an analysis of data from a British New Town were subjected to secondary factor analysis; an oblique solution with five factors resulted. The data suggest several broad categories of variables that may affect community satisfaction as well as certain other possible analyses based on community comparisons.
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    Second order factors of the CAQ in a normal population
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1976) Schwartz, S.A.
    The purpose of the study was to determine how pathological and personality source traits would align in data obtained from a normal sample. The Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ) was administered to 251 undergraduates and the data subjected to an oblique factor analysis. Ten interpretable second order factors were extracted, yielding a moderate relationship with a previous analysis (Cattell, 1973). It was concluded that a relatively different factor structure was necessary for a normal population than was found for the prior mixed normal-pathological sample.
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    Desirable psychological characteristics of medical students: A convergent approach
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1976) Burstein, Alvin G. (Alvin George), 1931-; Lawlis, G. Frank
    In these studies, we explore two hypotheses concerning psychological characteristics of medical school applicants. The first was that consensus would exist on the medical school faculty with respect to desirable psychological characteristics of applicants. With only minor differences between specialties, three factors emerge, self-discipline, psychosocial orientation, and brightness. The second hypothesis was the peer description could be elicited from resident physicians which could then be related to peer ratings of excellence and to a type of self-report potentially useful in a selection situation. Two samples were utilized in exploring this hypothesis. One hundred sixteen freshman medical students and forty-two residents were tested and compared on objective self-reports. In addition, each resident was asked to rate his or her peers as to skill as a physician and indepedently to develop descriptive constructs for discriminating their peers into meaningful groups. The most striking finding is that one trait, the need to understand, is related to all forms of physician excellence, though that characteristics is unrelated to MCAT and GPA in the range of selected applicants. Cluster analysis reveals three personality types: gratification oriented, control oriented, and loners; however, no type related to overall excellence as a physician.