Proceedings 2020: 16th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects

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Editorial Board for 2020 GRASP Symposium


Kerry Wilks, Professor & Associate Dean of the Graduate School


George Dehner, Associate Professor, History

Anthony DiLollo, Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders

Deepak Gupta, Associate Professor & Associate Chair, Industrial, Systems, and Manufacturing Engineering

Susan Matveyeva, Associate Professor, Catalog & Institutional Repository Librarian, University Libraries

Anthony May , Associate Professor, Finance Real Estate & Decision Science

Peer Moore-Jansen, Professor & Chair, Anthropology

Aleks Sternfeld-Dunn, Associate Professor, School of Music

Heidi VanRavenhorst-Bell, Assistant Professor and Undergraduate Coordinator, Human Performance Studies

John Watkins, Professor, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science

Sponsors of 2020 GRASP Symposium

Graduate School

Academic Affairs

University Libraries


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 64
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    16th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects
    (Wichita State University. Graduate School, 2020-05-01) Wilks, Kerry
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    Utilization of fall prevention video for older adults
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05-01) Walters, Kaylin; Johnson, Emily; Riley, Nick; Brantley, Ryan; Keuter, Kayla R.
    INTRODUCTION: Every 11 seconds an older adult is treated in the emergency room for a fall; every 19 minutes one dies from a fall (National Council on Aging, 2018). Falls are not a normal process of aging and can be prevented (National, 2008). It is important to implement fall prevention programs before a fall occurs and reduce risk factors that contribute to falls (Yanan, 2016). To reduce fall risk, older adults should incorporate physical activity into their daily life, have a home safety evaluation, review their medications with their primary care provider, and have routine visual examinations. Research on fall prevention is readily available, yet educational tools designed to distribute educational information to the elderly is lacking. PURPOSE: Create a video for hospitals to utilize for educating patients 55 years and older on fall prevention. METHODS: Databases used to confine the literature review were MEDLINE, Cochrane, CINAHL, Pubmed and Google Scholar. Evidence based guidelines from the American Geriatric Society, National Council on Aging, British Geriatric Society and the United States Preventive Services Task Force were utilized. Keywords used were: geriatrics, fall prevention, home modification, cost analysis, frail elderly, balance and gait impairment, pain, accidental falls, medications, and vision. Research is targeted to community dwelling adults 55 years and older. RESULTS: Implementing physical exercise programs to improve overall balance and strength reduces fall risk. Home modifications such as installing handrails and removing clutter from walkways eliminates potential fall hazards. Incorporating visual examinations in a comprehensive physical examination can help providers detect visual impairments and reduce risk of falls. Other interventions such as appropriate eyeglass prescription, cleaning lens and usage of appropriate lighting ensure optimal vision. Finally, regular reviews of medications may identify side effects that may exacerbate fall risk. CONCLUSION: Educating older adults on actions to reduce fall risk will aid them in leading a more independent and safe life. Balance and muscle strengthening programs provide physical foundation to reduce fall risk. Exercise also improves confidence to perform activities of daily living safely. Incorporating home safety measures improves safety in the living environment. Regular vision examinations promote optimal vision. Routine medication reviews, with elimination of medications which increase fall risk, provide a safer environment for older adults. The combination of physical activity, a home safety evaluation, routine vision examinations and frequent medication reviews can reduce fall risk in older adults.
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    Observational study data inform the development of clinic-specific recommendations for implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT)
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05-01) Rakestraw, Dulcinea; Rahman, Fatima; Kila, Eyinade; Steward, Christine; Burdsal, Charles A.
    BACKGROUND: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is a clinical practice to identify and prevent risky health behaviors related to substance misuse. In preparation for SBIRT implementation assistance at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC), Sedgwick County Health Department (SCHD) performed observational studies to identify current SBIRT-related workflow and inform recommendations for SBIRT implementation. METHODS: SCHD researched SBIRT processes and requirements. SCHD created an observational study form to document screening, substance use interventions, and referral and follow-up interactions of medical assistants, nurses, and medical and behavioral health providers. Study patients were age 18 or older and signed a confidentiality waiver prior to observations. RESULTS: In April 2019, SCHD observed 24 patient visits. Using observation data, SCHD created four SBIRT-related workflow process maps. Process maps revealed differences in perceived versus actual SBIRT-related clinic workflow. SCHD used process maps from observations and Kansas SBIRT requirements to draft a list of 20 SBIRT implementation recommendations. Recommendations included administering universal pre-screening questions verbatim and adding SBIRT processes to staff manuals. Challenges to completing the workflow observational studies included creating a workable process to secure authorization to observe patients, ensuring patients understood the purpose of study, and easing staff concerns related to being observed. CONCLUSION: Observational studies provided critical, objective data about current workflow processes and helped develop clinic-specific practices for SBIRT sustainability. The diverse expertise among SCHD, KUSM-W, and the clinic was essential to the success of the project.
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    Perceptual anticipation in a shoot/don't shoot task
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05-01) Scott, Dakota; Suss, Joel M.
    Signal Detection Theory (SDT) has been applied to examine expertise-related differences in perceptual judgments of deceptive and non-deceptive movements in sport (e.g., handball, soccer). Deceptive actions in sport-related tasks (i.e., faking in rugby, fake passes in basketball) affects anticipation performance in both novice and expert athletes (i.e., more incorrect responses in deceptive actions compared to incorrect responses in non-deceptive actions); however, experts still outperform novices when facing deceptive actions in sport-related tasks (Güldenpenning, Kunde, & Weigelt, 2017). To date, this approach has not yet been applied to shoot/don't shoot scenarios in law enforcement. To address this issue, we filmed actors pulling out either a weapon (i.e., gun) or a non-weapon (i.e., cell phone). We then edited the videos to create temporally-occluded stimuli. College students observed the videos and indicated whether the object was a weapon or a non-weapon. We conducted two experiments: across both we found that participants' responses were more likely to be correct at later occlusion points, when the object was fully observable. We also found that when the object was fully observable, participants were more likely to identify the object as a gun rather than a cell phone. The results can inform the design of decision-making training for police.
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    Electrospun nanocomposite fibers of recycled polystyrene foams: An efficient atmospheric fog water generator
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05-01) Uddin, M. Nizam; Rahman, Muhammad M.; Asmatulu, Ramazan
    The production of various plastic wastes is increasing day by day and has become a growing concern to the serious environmental challenges. This type of waste is rarely resolved by microorganisms; hence, the recycling to the value-added materials is essential. Recycling of plastics has significant industrial importance in reducing greenhouse gases, water, and air pollution, and soil contamination, as well as conserving natural resources. It is one of the prospective routes for transforming low-value waste plastics into high-value products. Recycling the polymer wastes for the fabrication of superhydrophobic nanofibers for fog harvesting could be a partial solution to environmental issues. In this work, recycled expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam with various proportions of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) and aluminum microparticles (Al μPs) was spun into superhydrophobic nanocomposite fibers using the facile electrospinning technique. The morphology, surface hydrophobicity, and fog harvesting capacity of the nanocomposite fibers were investigated. Test results showed that the as-prepared nanocomposite fibers exhibit superhydrophobic characteristics with a water contact angle of 152° and an efficient fog harvesting capacity of 561 mg/cm2/hr and are reusable. Such fiber materials are extensively employed in wastewater treatment, energy storage, air purification, selective oil absorption, biological and chemical sensors, tissue engineering, composite reinforcement, and many other applications.