Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.3 no.3

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    A multivariate approach to profiling alcoholic typologies
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1977) Regelson, William; Hair, Joseph F., Jr., 1944-
    The once popular concept of the "alcoholic personality" has recently been called to question. The purpose of this study was to attempt to discover wheter quantitative support could be given to a hypothesis of multiple alcohol types. The 16PF profiles of alcoholics were submitted to cluster analysis and multiple discriminate analysis (MDA), respectively. The results indicate that there is no alcoholic personality, i.e., that the alcoholic population is heterogeneous consisting of at least three typologies.
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    Psychological factors and blood chemistries as disease outcome predictors for cancer patients
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1977) Achterberg, Jeanne; Lawlis, G. Frank; Simonton, O. Carl (Oscar Carl); Simonton, Stephanie
    The relationship between blood chemistries and psychological variables was studied in a population of cancer patients, the majority of whom had been diagnosed with incurable disease. An intensive batter of psychodiagnostics was administered (including MMPI, BEM Sex Role Inventory, FIRO-B, IMAGE-CA, POMS), was blood analyses (CBC, LDH, Alkaline Phosphatase, Cortisol, Cholesterol, FFA) were conducted. Various criterion variables (i.e., median life expectancy, disease and rehabilitation status) were included in the analyses. Initially, blood chemistries were clustered according to common variance via factor analysis and the factors were used to predict present and follow-up disease status. Psychological variables were utilized to predict respective variances within the blood chemistries. Psychological variables were then factor analyzed and utilized to determine wheter disease processes were related. The results of the analysis yield at least three basic conclusions: (1) Blood chemistries tend to reflect ongoing or concurrent disease state; (2) there is a statistical relationship between psychological variables and blood chemistries; and (3) psychological factors are predictive of subsequent disease status. However, these relationships are multidimensional and too complex to be considered either causative or reactive at this time. The results are impressive in that blood chemistries offer information only about the current state of the disease, whereas the psychological variables offer future insights.
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    Relations between diagnostic-demographic variables and thought-disorder symptomatology among process schizophrenics
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1977) Neufeld, Richard W. J.; Broga, Mary I.
    The interrelationships between a selection of diagnostic and demographic measures of schizophrenic clinical status and a selection of cognitive-deficit indices were assessed using canonical correlation and redundancy analyses. Two highly significant canonical correlations emerged; however, the redundancy analyses each set of measures relative to the opposite set was only moderate. The structure of the significant canonical correlations was unique relative to past findings inasmuch as cognitive efficiency in the form of semantic abstracting ability was associated with nonparanoid rather than paranoid symptomatology. The result was qualified according to the behaviors of other contributors to this dimension and relevant characteristics of the present sample.
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    Topological classification in early childhood
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1977) Edelson, Allan L.; Sanders Huie, Karen
    Mathematically precise definitions of various topological properties were given. To investigate Piaget's theory that topological relationships are mastered before certain Euclidean ones, 58 subjects of 3 to 7 years old were asked to divide 14 items depicting topological and Euclidean properties into groups of "things they felt were alike." Younger children used significantly stronger topological classification techniques while older ones used significantly stronger Euclidean classification techniques. The suggestion was made that the topological intuition of 3-year-olds may be superseded by strongly reinforced Euclidean notions.