Journal of Management and Engineering Integration, v.13 no.1

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    Journal of Management & Engineering Integration, v.13, no.1 (Summer)
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2020-06) Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS)
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    Entrepreneurial psychology: Revising the Psych 101 course
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2020-06) de Silva, Aryanne; Ridley, Dennis; Green, Sarah
    Extant courses in psychology typically begin with the assumption that a stable system of government exists which supports the foundation for the development of society and entrepreneurship. This approach excludes the discussion of capital or assumes its existence. The purpose of this paper is to acknowledge a new CDR index that is remarkable for explaining real gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (G) and use it to introduce new suggestions for teaching psychology as it applies to entrepreneurship theory. It is assumed that the pertinent psychology course is available as a required or optional course for business administration students. The benefit to psychology students is to expand their knowledge about growing areas within psychology and to enable them to join the entrepreneurship community even if they are not themselves entrepreneurs. The benefit to business students is to join the entrepreneurial community as well as to become successful entrepreneurs, as well as help further develop those critical thinking skills that are typically advanced in psychology courses.
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    A study of the effect of vibration on accuracy of 3D-printed parts via VAT photopolymerization
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2020-06) Nassar, Odai Mohammad Mahmoud; Moscoso-Kingsley, Wilfredo
    Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology has emerged as a promising alternative for many industries, including aerospace, space, automobile, medical and biomedical. This is due to AM's advantages over traditional manufacturing processes in terms of material savings, the ability to produce customized microstructures and complex geometries. The result has been the manufacture of structures with optimum strength to weight ratios, especially when design for AM is optimized via finite element analysis. However, there are some challenges that impede AM. One challenge is the limited accuracy typically associated with all AM processes. Considerable investigations connect three-dimensional (3D) printing parameters, part scaling, and solid model discretization with AM printing accuracy. However, there appears to be a lack of knowledge regarding the effect of vibrations on the 3D printing accuracy. Additive manufacturing machines could be prone to vibration from adjacent machines in the workshop even when vibration isolation systems are deployed. Moreover, there are instances where intentional application of vibration during 3D printing has been found helpful to develop material structure. Therefore, it is of importance to investigate the effect of vibrations on 3D printing accuracy. In this study, controlled levels of vibrations were applied during the vat photopolymerization printing process, and a high-precision coordinate measuring machine (CMM) was used to correlate induced vibrations with dimensional and geometric accuracy of the printed parts.
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    A systems engineering framework for integration of cognitive ergonomics in smart factory configurations
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2020-06) Drankoff, Lauren; Bommer, Sharon
    The current manufacturing industry is increasingly compelling manufacturing firms to turn to technology to improve operations. A relatively unexplored area is the role that cognitive ergonomics with the effective implementation of technology has on smart factory configurations. The manufacturing industry continues to increase the information processing content operators engage in (i.e., multitasking) to perform their work tasks. Cognitive ergonomics are known predictors of preventing injuries and accidents in industry and drive towards improving work conditions, human performance, safety, and avoiding human errors. Cognitive ergonomics evaluates the interaction of the human operator with the task they are performing and their mental capabilities. Although these principles are currently being explored in manufacturing, it is still uncertain how cognitive ergonomics can be applied to smart factory configurations. A smart factory combines technology to create a network that has the capability to communicate and act independently to advance manufacturing systems further. Smart factories can assist people and machines by interacting with the environment surrounding to make tasks more comfortable and more efficient. By investigating current literature on cognitive ergonomics, the goal of this work is to pave the way for further research into human-systems integration of technology implementation in smart factory configurations. The technology methods discussed will seek to aid the human operator in the decision-making process throughout their work task. Also, a framework is developed for the integration of cognitive ergonomics in smart factory configurations using the D-E-J-I systems engineering model. In summary, this paper aims to investigate how current cognitive ergonomic principles can be utilized to support the effective implementation of technology to aid the human operator in smart factory configurations.
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    Drone delay: consumer willingness to fly after awareness of recent UAS event
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2020-06) Wheeler, Brooke; Duboc, Nicolas; St Amand, Zachary
    Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) operated in the National Airspace system increase the potential for hazardous operations by remote pilots as well as intentional disruption of commercial aviation. Clothier et al. (2015) indicated that the perceived risk of UASs was equivalent to manned aircraft; however, recent UAS events at airports (e.g. Lee, 2019) illustrated possibilities for disruptive operation of UASs, making it important to understand the impacts on aviation. This study examined whether there is a change in consumer willingness to fly (Rice et al., 2015) before and after being made aware of a UAS event by reading a news article. The study was a repeated measures design; a survey measured participants' willingness to fly, presented a news article (Lee, 2019) describing a UAS event, and then measured willingness to fly again. Sixty-one undergraduate students in core Aeronautic, Communication, and Business courses at the Florida Institute of Technology participated. The results indicated that consumer willingness to fly decreased after being made aware of the UAS event. The large effect size also suggested that consumers are affected by a news article describing a UAS event, and more research should be done in this area. As UASs become more common, their exposure to the public will also increase as the media begins to focus on events similar to those described in the news article. This can lead to a decrease in consumer willingness to fly that could have detrimental effects on aviation businesses as consumers will opt for different modes of transportation.