Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.11 no.3

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    Factors of the Beck Hopelessness Scale: Fact or artifact?
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1997) Steer, Robert A.; Beck, Aaron T.; Brown, Gregory K., 1959-
    Weighted least-squares factor analyses of the tetrachoric correlations, principal components analyses of the G-index correlations, and principal components analyses of the phi correlations among the 20 items of the Beck Hopelessness Scale were conducted with 1,126 outpatients who were diagnosed with primary mood disorders and 732 who were diagnosed with primary anxiety disorders. Two dimensions reflecting pessimism about the future and resignation to the futility of changing the future were found in both diagnostic groups, regardless of factor analytic method or type of data transformation.
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    A longitudinal, structural equation analysis of stress, hardiness, social support, depression, and illness
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1997) Brookings, Jeffrey B.; Bolton, Brian, 1939-
    College undergraduates (45 males, 88 females) completed measures of life stress, depression, and physical illness on two different occasions, along with measures of hardiness at Time I and perceived social support at Time 2. Structural equation modeling analyses provided only modest support for the hypothesis that hardiness functions prospectively to buffer the effects of stress on depression, and gave no support for the assumed mitigating effects of hardiness on the stress physical illness relationship. Time 2 social support had the largest effect on Time 2 depression, while the best predictors of Time 2 physical illness were Time I physical illness (i.e., the stability coefficient) and Time 2 stress, respectively.
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    Confirmation of the factor pattern of a battery of intelligence and achievement indicators for a child clinical population
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1997) Dreger, Ralph Mason
    An exploratory factor analysis of the data for 50 clinical children, from a pool of 210, on a battery of tests required of clients in a private practice clinic, including four intelligence indicators, three formal indicators of achievement, and Factor II from the Children's Behavioral Classification Project Inventory, revealed a factor pattern loading intelligence indicators on one factor and achievement indicators on another. This result was confirmed in an independent sample of 46 children by confirmatory factor analysis. As assessed by chi-square and specific indices of the EQS program, the empirically-derived covariance matrix and hypothesized covariance matrix were found to be essentially congruent. In addition, traditional matrix comparison coefficients supported the relative equality of the two factor matrices.
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    A test of polymorphous-perverse instinctual development
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1997) Cattell, Raymond B. (Raymond Bernard), 1905-1998
    It is first shown from the factor analytic studies of eight investigators that groups of attitudes, objectively measured, mark some six ergs ('instincts') as unitary factors. It is then shown that in addition to the high markers certain other attitudes load these factors in anomalistic low degrees. These indicate connections that may not be clinically easy to perceive or verify. A theory is developed that a more 'dense' data base could yield primary factors below the general ergic factor, that represent Freudian and other concepts of polymorphously perverse instinctual fixations. A basis of separation of ordinary low loaded attitudes from such perversion manifestations is thus a suggested possibility.