Journal of Management and Engineering Integration, v.15 no.1

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    Journal of Management & Engineering Integration, v.15, no.1 (Summer)
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-06) Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS)
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    School vouchers for greater educational equity
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-06) Hussein, Abdelnasser
    Providing public funding to parents to pay children's tuition at private and religious schools has been a matter of debate over the last three decades based on claims such as the lack of accountability in private schools, an increase in segregation, and the fact that it contradicts the principle of the separation between church and state. Such concerns are legitimate, but they need to be discussed considering the new literature that proves the efficacy of private schools, both religious and non-religious, in terms of student achievement, test results, and graduation rates. A thorough look at the test results revealed by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) over the last decade indicates that students' scores in private schools are higher than their peers in public schools. NAEP results and the recent empirical studies conducted in states like Florida, Wisconsin, and Washington DC confirmed that the voucher system works well. This information provides compelling evidence that policymakers need to review the private school voucher policies. Hence, this article highlights the efficacy of school vouchers based on recent empirical studies and the academic results of the students enrolled in school?voucher programs. The available data assures that there is no point in depriving students of their right to choose private or religious schools as their peers who choose charter and magnet schools.
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    Investigating the interaction between the feedback orientation & the feedback environment on employee performance
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-06) Gallo, James; Walton, Abram; Shah, Natalie; Halstead, Shellie; Bryant, Charles
    A positive relationship between a favorable feedback environment and employee performance has been established, thus, researchers and practitioners have been calling for a shift in focus from an annual performance review to using ongoing performance feedback necessary to create a favorable environment. This research seeks to validate the organizational importance of creating a favorable feedback environment, especially for those with a low feedback orientation, who may benefit more than those who already have a high feedback orientation. This study supports the previous findings indicating a favorable feedback environment is positively correlated with employee performance. These findings increase the need for continued exploration into relationships between the feedback environment, feedback orientation, and employee performance, specifically within different industries and organizational work settings (e.g., teams, or remote workers). A better understanding of the feedback process and its environment can assist organizations in developing their workforce and perhaps soften the decibels of the bullhorns calling for the elimination of employee performance reviews.
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    3D printed superhydrophobic structures for sustainable manufacturing benefits: An overview
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-06) Asmatulu, Eylem; Rajakaruna, Rajakaruna A. D. N. V.; Subeshan, Balakrishnan; Uddin, M. Nizam
    Superhydrophobic properties have been present in nature for many millennia before human beings discovered their true capabilities and utilized them to revolutionize modern societies. The most familiar form of hydrophobicity found in nature is that of the lotus leaf, where its ultra-low water adhesion and self-cleaning properties make it one of the best hydrophobic elements formed naturally. Since its discovery, artificially created superhydrophobic elements have been used in many industries --maritime, automobile, and medical -- due to their self-cleaning, antibacterial, and corrosion-prevention properties. However, for a surface to become superhydrophobic, it must possess a greater roughness. To achieve this, microscopic- or nanoscopic-level modifications must be made to the surface through various experimentations. For a surface to be considered superhydrophobic, it must have a water contact angle greater than 150°. One cost-effective method of manufacturing superhydrophobic materials is three-dimensional (3D) printing (additive manufacturing), which has been gaining popularity in the recent past. A 3D printing design is initially created using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Then, the design information is transferred to a 3D printer through digital slicing of the CAD design. 3D printing allows the printing of objects with various functionalities at pre-designed locations in the object, so it is important to investigate these phenomena. This paper provides an overview of several studies that were conducted to achieve superhydrophobicity through the 3D printing process. The following section of the manuscript includes an introduction, literature review, methods of increasing surface roughness for superhydrophobicity, market-available 3D printing materials, and their applications, discussion on 3D printing technologies and concluding remarks.
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    Incorporating theory into practice: A historical assessment of layout design and Bürolandschaft with practical applications to modern office landscapes using performance metrics
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-06) Couch, Andrew; Messimer, Sherri
    The historical upbringing of the theoretical foundations of layout planning and optimization provided several core principles from which other theories have been derived. Naturally, the development and transformation of layouts following modern tastes have unlocked new types of capabilities, but these benefits are not exempt from drawbacks. This study critically examines layout characterization and performance from both the historical and practical application perspectives. In fulfilling this objective, this study conducts an assessment of the existing body of foundational work in the domain of layout planning and Bürolandschaft, a German term that characterizes the conceptual nature of an office landscape, to capture the underlying motivations, insights, and benefits that are offered by this foundation. These theories are examined under the lens of a common focal point for many modern-day corporations: obtaining an ideal office layout. The historical findings imply that the manifestation of Bürolandschaft is closely related to the concept of an open office layout. Given these insights, an application of an open office layout to a modern-day organization is proposed. Furthermore, the resulting layout is assessed based on a variety of qualitative and quantitative layout performance metrics to observe the impact emerging from the application of theory to practice. More broadly speaking, the theoretical outcomes as suggested by historical developments are assessed in comparison to the outcomes resulting from a practical application.