Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.2 no.2

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    Alignment of personality source trait factors from questionnaire and observer ratings: The theory of instrument-free patterns
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1976) Cattell, Raymond B. (Raymond Bernard), 1905-1998; Pierson, George R.; Finkbeiner, Carl
    Testing the hypothesis of "indifference of indicator," i.e., that instrument-free source traits exist as factors when different media are jointly factored, the investigators scored young adults on 32 observer-rating and 32 questionnaire trait markers, known from previous work as markers of personality factors in each medium. The Q-data consisted of A and B forms of the 16 P.F. The L-data was gathered according the six principles considered essential to sound rating, e.g., no fewer than eight peer raters for each subject. The reliabilities (equivalence coefficient) were about equally good for the two media. Factor analysis revealed 23 factors - the number now commonly recognized in the normal personality sphere. At the unique resolution position of maximum simple structure, the congruence coefficients of (a) L variable loading patterns with previous L-factoring, (b) Q markers with previous Q-factorings, and (c) both kinds of markers with the only available previous Q-L factoring, were highly significant, showing that each of at least the largest sixteen primary source traits has simultaneous, matched expression extending across Q and L media. The possibility that some of the remaining and unidentified seven factors are pure instrument factors is discussed.
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    Factors of subordinate-superordinate interaction
    (Wichita State University, Department. of Psychology, 1976) Sweney, Arthur B.; Fiechtner, Leslie A.
    Two hundred-four crew members and sixty-nine crew commanders of a Titan II Missile Wing completed a battery of instruments measuring superordinate subordinate role preferences, pressure, and perceptions. After matching subordinate variables with the appropriate superordinate variables, the data were correlated, factored, and rotated for orthogonal simple structure. Of the twelve factors obtained five were identified inclusively with crew commander behavior; three were related to the behavior of the crew members; and four described the interactions between the two realms. Perceptions were found to be primarily a function of observer variance and the roles were found to have much less shaping effect across levels than was expected.
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    Multivariate methodolology for N = 1
    (Wichita State University, Department. of Psychology, 1976) Lawlis, G. Frank
    A multivariate design for N = 1 studies was presented for those areas of limited subjects or social psychological designs. The design called for a determination of expected outcomes to be used for baselines, and general criteria were related to the selection of control variables.
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    Personality similarity in spouses related to marriage roles
    (Wichita State University, Department. of Psychology, 1976) Barton, Keith
    From an original sample of 93 married couples 71 couples were selected according to criteria which determined how similar they were to their spouses on several personality variables. Specifically 3 groups of people were defined: a similar group who resembled their spouses highly in personality, a Random group who were neither positively or negatively matched with respect to personality measures and an Opposite group who tended to be opposite to their spouses on the personality measures. For each of these 3 groups, and for husbands and wives separately, scores on several marriage dimensions were compared. It was found that for both husbands and wives the Similar personality groups tended to score higher on the marriage role factor of Male Dominance than did either the Random or Opposite groups. For the wives data only, the Similar group also scored higher than the Random or Opposite groups on the marital factors of 1) Sexual Gratification and 2) Togetherness and Role Sharing. Possible implications and explanations for these findings are discussed.