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Comparison between continuous positive airway pressure vs.uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adult males

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dc.contributor.author Davis, Jill A.
dc.contributor.author Griffin, Audrey
dc.date.accessioned 2007-09-04T02:01:30Z
dc.date.available 2007-09-04T02:01:30Z
dc.date.issued 2007-04-27
dc.identifier.citation Davis, Jill A. and Audrey Griffin.(2007). Comparison between continuous positive airway pressure vs.uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adult males. In Proceedings : 3rd Annual Symposium : Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS : Wichita State University, p.103-104 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10057/820
dc.description Paper presented to the 3rd Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Hughes Metropolitan Complex, Wichita State University, April 27, 2007. en
dc.description Research completed at the Dept. of Physician Assistant, College of Health Professions en
dc.description.abstract Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a condition characterized by repeated cessation of breathing throughout sleep. This lack of breathing can occur anywhere from 5-50 times in one hour and can last for ten seconds or longer. This is usually caused by an obstruction in the airway, nose or throat. This condition affects about 4% of the adult male population. People at risk include those that are male, older than thirty years, have family history of condition, certain ethnicities such as Hispanics and African Americans, loss or weak muscle tone in throat or tongue, medical conditions that cause abnormalities of head or face and those going through menopause. Treatments or therapy for OSA are widely available and include Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). Methodology: An evidencebased systemic literature review was completed acquiring studies regarding CPAP and UPPP in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adult males. Medline and Eco were searched for articles that met the defined inclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were as follow: treatment of OSA with either CPAP or UPPP, dated 1981-2006, include adult males in the study, and have data pertaining to apnea index (AI), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI). Patients were considered successful if their AHI, AI, or RDI (apnea and hypopneas) was decreased by ≥50% or if the end result was <20 AHI, AI, or RDI episodes per hour of sleep. Results: Forty-seven articles matched the criteria. These articles proved success of CPAP and mixed success/failure for UPPP. Conclusion: The most effective and successful treatment for obstructive sleep apnea in adult males is CPAP with a grade B recommendation. UPPP is recommended as second line therapy. en
dc.format.extent 189808 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Wichita State University. Graduate School. en
dc.relation.ispartofseries GRASP en
dc.relation.ispartofseries v.3 en
dc.title Comparison between continuous positive airway pressure vs.uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adult males en
dc.type Conference paper en

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