The effects of teaching experience on levels of alienation
Calabrese, Raymond L., 1942-
Fisher, James E.
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Calabrese, Raymond L., and James E. Fisher. 1988. "The Effects of Teaching Experience on Levels of Alienation". The Journal of Psychology. 122 (2): 147-153.
This study was designed to measure the levels of alienation among American student and full-time teachers, based on the length of their experience with the public school organization. One hundred seventy eight subjects, including 113 full-time teachers and 65 student teachers, were administered the Dean Alienation Scale. Analysis of the data indicated that student teachers had significantly higher levels of alienation, isolation, normlessness, and powerlessness, than did full-time teachers. The less experience the teacher had, the higher were his or her levels of total alienation and powerlessness.
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