1,2,5-Thiadiazolidin-3-one 1,1 dioxide: a powerful scaffold for probing the S' subsites of (chymo)trypsin-like serine proteases
Groutas, William C.
Epp, Jeffrey B.
Chong, Lee S.
Li, Yue He
Truong, Tien M.
Vu, Nga T.
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Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2001 Jan 1; 385(1): 162-9.
The 1,2,5-thiadiazolidin-3-one 1,1 dioxide scaffold (I) embodies a motif that allows it to dock to the active site of (chymo)trypsin-like proteases in a predictable and substrate-like fashion. Consequently, inhibitors derived from this heterocyclic scaffold interact with both the S and S' subsites of an enzyme. Exploitation of binding interactions with both the S and S' subsites of a target enzyme may lead to compounds with greatly enhanced enzyme selectivity and inhibitory potency. This preliminary report describes the use of a series of compounds having the heterocyclic scaffold linked to various amino acids to probe the S' subsites of human leukocyte elastase (HLE), proteinase 3 (PR 3), and cathepsin G (Cat G). For comparative purposes, a series of compounds derived from a related scaffold, isothiazolidin-3-one 1,1 dioxide (II), was also generated. Several of the compounds were found to be highly potent and selective time-dependent inhibitors of HLE, PR 3, and Cat G.
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