Evaluating best management practices at an urban golf course

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dc.contributor.author Davis, Nate M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Lydy, Michael J. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-24T17:48:36Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-24T17:48:36Z
dc.date.issued 2002-05 en_US
dc.identifier 12013130 en_US
dc.identifier 8308958 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC. 2002 May; 21(5): 1076-84. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0730-7268 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620210525
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10057/4134
dc.description Click on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free). en_US
dc.description.abstract This three-year study evaluated the effects of best management practices (BMPs) in reducing surface water contamination at an urban golf course. Water samples were collected before BMP implementation from two ponds on Braeburn Golf Course (Wichita, KS, USA). The pesticides 2,4-dicholorodiphenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and simazine were periodically found at concentrations above recommended water quality criteria. Excessive nutrients in the form of nitrates and total phosphorus were also measured. In addition, an assessment of macroinvertebrate populations revealed only a few tolerant species. Beginning in year 2, recommendations to alter chemical applications on the course were implemented as part of the BMPs. Surface water sampling during year 2 showed significant declines in nitrate and total phosphorus levels; however, seasonal contamination from pesticides continued to occur. Beginning in year 3, structural changes to the golf course were made as part of the BMPs. Subsequent water sampling indicated further reductions of nitrates (80%) and total phosphorus (40 and 60% in the two ponds, respectively), and elimination of contamination from spring applications of 2,4-D and simazine. Finally, an assessment of macroinvertebrate populations indicated an improvement in taxa richness, as well as repopulation by less tolerant organisms. Results of this study can be used to develop and refine golf course management procedures to protect aquatic environments. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC en_US
dc.source NLM en_US
dc.subject Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. en_US
dc.subject.mesh 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Animals en_US
dc.subject.mesh Cities en_US
dc.subject.mesh Conservation of Natural Resources en_US
dc.subject.mesh Ecosystem en_US
dc.subject.mesh Environmental Monitoring en_US
dc.subject.mesh Golf en_US
dc.subject.mesh Herbicides/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Invertebrates en_US
dc.subject.mesh Nitrogen/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Phosphorus/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Population Dynamics en_US
dc.subject.mesh Recreation en_US
dc.subject.mesh Simazine/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis en_US
dc.subject.mesh Water Pollution/prevention & control en_US
dc.title Evaluating best management practices at an urban golf course en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version peer reviewed en_US
dc.rights.holder Copyright © 2002 SETAC en_US

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