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dc.contributor.authorDavis, Nate M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLydy, Michael J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-24T17:48:36Z
dc.date.available2012-01-24T17:48:36Z
dc.date.issued2002-05en_US
dc.identifier12013130en_US
dc.identifier8308958en_US
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC. 2002 May; 21(5): 1076-84.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0730-7268en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620210525
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/4134
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis three-year study evaluated the effects of best management practices (BMPs) in reducing surface water contamination at an urban golf course. Water samples were collected before BMP implementation from two ponds on Braeburn Golf Course (Wichita, KS, USA). The pesticides 2,4-dicholorodiphenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and simazine were periodically found at concentrations above recommended water quality criteria. Excessive nutrients in the form of nitrates and total phosphorus were also measured. In addition, an assessment of macroinvertebrate populations revealed only a few tolerant species. Beginning in year 2, recommendations to alter chemical applications on the course were implemented as part of the BMPs. Surface water sampling during year 2 showed significant declines in nitrate and total phosphorus levels; however, seasonal contamination from pesticides continued to occur. Beginning in year 3, structural changes to the golf course were made as part of the BMPs. Subsequent water sampling indicated further reductions of nitrates (80%) and total phosphorus (40 and 60% in the two ponds, respectively), and elimination of contamination from spring applications of 2,4-D and simazine. Finally, an assessment of macroinvertebrate populations indicated an improvement in taxa richness, as well as repopulation by less tolerant organisms. Results of this study can be used to develop and refine golf course management procedures to protect aquatic environments.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEnvironmental toxicology and chemistry / SETACen_US
dc.sourceNLMen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.en_US
dc.subject.mesh2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen_US
dc.subject.meshCitiesen_US
dc.subject.meshConservation of Natural Resourcesen_US
dc.subject.meshEcosystemen_US
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Monitoringen_US
dc.subject.meshGolfen_US
dc.subject.meshHerbicides/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshInvertebratesen_US
dc.subject.meshNitrogen/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshPhosphorus/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshPopulation Dynamicsen_US
dc.subject.meshRecreationen_US
dc.subject.meshSimazine/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshWater Pollutants, Chemical/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshWater Pollution/prevention & controlen_US
dc.titleEvaluating best management practices at an urban golf courseen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2002 SETACen_US


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