Spatial analysis in archaeology: Historical developments and modern applications
Rood, Ronald J.
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Rood, Ronald J. (1982). Spatial analysis in archaeology: Historical developments and modern applications. -- Lambda Alpha Journal of Man, v.14, p.25-60.
Author presents a critical survey of the development and present state of spatial analyses in archaeology. He traces the root of spatial analysis to Tonnies' distinction between naturally defined spatial relationships and socially defined spatial conventions. He discusses its subsequent development through the Austro-German anthropogeographers, and its fissioning into a variety of spatial theories adapted two different social sciences. He provides an excellent tour d'horizon of these different theories and their archaeological applications, as well as attempting to define the directions in which these theories are likely to develop. Perhaps the most significant direction is toward a 'structural archaeology,' where the physical expressions of a culture may be viewed as elements in a system amenable to structuraL analysis.