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Useful field of view predicts driving in the presence of distracters

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dc.contributor.author Wood, Joanne M.
dc.contributor.author Chaparro, Alex
dc.contributor.author Lacherez, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Hickson, Louise
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-18T18:07:00Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-18T18:07:00Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04
dc.identifier.citation Wood J.M., Hickson L., Chaparro A., and Lacherez P. 2012. "Useful field of view predicts driving in the presence of distracters". Optometry and Vision Science. 89 (4): 373-381. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1040-5488
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10057/5138
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0b013e31824c17ee
dc.description Click on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free). en_US
dc.description.abstract Purpose. The Useful Field of View (UFOV (R)) test has been shown to be highly effective in predicting crash risk among older adults. An important question which we examined in this study is whether this association is due to the ability of the UFOV to predict difficulties in attention-demanding driving situations that involve either visual or auditory distracters. Methods. Participants included 92 community-living adults (mean age 73.6 +/- 5.4 years; range 65-88 years) who completed all three subtests of the UFOV involving assessment of visual processing speed (subtest 1), divided attention (subtest 2), and selective attention (subtest 3); driving safety risk was also classified using the UFOV scoring system. Driving performance was assessed separately on a closed-road circuit while driving under three conditions: no distracters, visual distracters, and auditory distracters. Driving outcome measures included road sign recognition, hazard detection, gap perception, time to complete the course, and performance on the distracter tasks. Results. Those rated as safe on the UFOV (safety rating categories 1 and 2), as well as those responding faster than the recommended cut-off on the selective attention subtest (350 msec), performed significantly better in terms of overall driving performance and also experienced less interference from distracters. Of the three UFOV subtests, the selective attention subtest best predicted overall driving performance in the presence of distracters. Conclusions. Older adults who were rated as higher risk on the UFOV, particularly on the selective attention subtest, demonstrated poorest driving performance in the presence of distracters. This finding suggests that the selective attention subtest of the UFOV may be differentially more effective in predicting driving difficulties in situations of divided attention which are commonly associated with crashes. (Optom Vis Sci 2012;89:373-381) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Optometry and Vision Science;2012, v.89, no.4
dc.subject Useful field of view (UFOV) en_US
dc.subject Driving en_US
dc.subject Distracters en_US
dc.subject Selective attention en_US
dc.subject Older drivers en_US
dc.title Useful field of view predicts driving in the presence of distracters en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.rights.holder Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Optometry

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