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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Nursingen_US
dc.contributor.authorHawley, Donna J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWolfe, Fredericken_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-28T20:29:16Z
dc.date.available2012-02-28T20:29:16Z
dc.date.issued1994-11en_US
dc.identifier7892020en_US
dc.identifier7508686en_US
dc.identifier0304-3959(94)90075-2en_US
dc.identifierAM21393en_US
dc.identifier.citationPain. 1994 Nov; 59(2): 227-34.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0304-3959en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3959(94)90075-2en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/4568
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThe clinical and neurochemical association between depression and season noted in seasonal affective disorder (SAD) has suggested that clinical pain might also be linked to season, perhaps through similar neurochemistry or the known association of depression with pain. We investigated the pain-light season/dark season hypothesis in 2523 rheumatic disease outpatients by examining VAS Pain and VAS Global Severity scores, as well as levels of depression and functional disability. No clinically significant difference in pain severity between season (or individual month) was noted for the consecutive outpatients at their first clinic visit, nor in sub-analyses using paired light and dark season visits. A slight trend toward increased pain severity in lighter months by about 3% compared to darker months was identified. No effect of season was seen on depression scores. In a subset of patients with high depression scores, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients, respectively, reported 16% and 7% greater pain scores in light compared to dark months, but fibromyalgia patients had stable scores. Season does not appear to play an important role in pain and/or depression in rheumatic disorders.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNIADDK NIH HHSen_US
dc.format.extent227-34en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPainen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPainen_US
dc.sourceNLMen_US
dc.subjectClinical Trialen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.en_US
dc.subject.meshAgeden_US
dc.subject.meshArthritis, Rheumatoid/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshDepression/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshFibromyalgia/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshLighten_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden_US
dc.subject.meshOsteoarthritis/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshOutpatientsen_US
dc.subject.meshPain/etiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPain Measurementen_US
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen_US
dc.subject.meshRheumatic Diseases/complicationsen_US
dc.subject.meshSeasonsen_US
dc.subject.meshArthritis, Rheumatoid/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshDepression/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshFibromyalgia/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshOsteoarthritis/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshPain/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshRheumatic Diseases/psychologyen_US
dc.titleEffect of light and season on pain and depression in subjects with rheumatic disordersen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.coverage.spacialNetherlandsen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 1994 Elsevier B.V.en_US


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