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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Nursingen_US
dc.contributor.authorRiordan, Janice M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGill-Hopple, Kathleenen_US
dc.contributor.authorAngeron, Judyen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-28T20:26:04Z
dc.date.available2012-02-28T20:26:04Z
dc.date.issued2005-11en_US
dc.identifier16280556en_US
dc.identifier8709498en_US
dc.identifier21/4/406en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association. 2005 Nov; 21(4): 406-12.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0890-3344en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890334405281032en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/4522
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThe authors tested indicators of effective breastfeeding to identify those that provide reliable estimates of human milk intake. Human milk intake of 82 full-term infants was measured by test weights before and after feeding and compared with commonly used breastfeeding indicators: rooting, length of time before latch-on, latch-on, suckle, observable swallowing, and audible swallowing. Two models were tested: model 1, describing indicators at 96 hours postpartum, and model 2, describing indicators at >96 hours postpartum. Median (interquartile) milliliters of mother's milk consumed per feeding was 26 ml (range, 4-47) at 96 hours and 54 ml (range, 26-73) at >96 hours. Significant predictors of human milk intake in model 1 were rooting and observable swallowing (R2=26%, P<.01). In model 2, audible swallowing alone estimated human milk intake (R2=29%, P<.001). Observed swallowing and rooting during the first 4 days (96 hours) following birth and audible swallowing after that time should be included in the breastfeeding assessment of full-term infants.en_US
dc.format.extent406-12en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publicationsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Human Lactation : Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJ Hum Lacten_US
dc.sourceNLMen_US
dc.subjectMulticenter Studyen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshBody Weight/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Feedingen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant Behavior/physiologyen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant Nutritional Physiological Phenomenaen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen_US
dc.subject.meshLactationen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshProspective Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.titleIndicators of effective breastfeeding and estimates of breast milk intakeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2005 International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US


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