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dc.contributor.authorHaag, Rachelen_US
dc.contributor.authorVoegele, Barbaraen_US
dc.contributor.authorCook, Stacien_US
dc.contributor.authorCarlgren, Jennieen_US
dc.contributor.authorManske, Robert C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReiman, Michael P.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-19T21:48:25Z
dc.date.available2009-11-19T21:48:25Z
dc.date.issued2009-05-01en_US
dc.identifier.citationHaag, Rachel, Voegele, Barbara, Cook, Staci, Carlgren, Jennie, Manske, Robert and Michael Reiman(2009). Effects of Lower Trapezius Muscle Strengthening Exercises. In Proceedings: 5th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 82-83en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/2301
dc.descriptionPaper presented to the 5th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Hughes Metropolitan Complex, Wichita State University, May 1, 2009.en_US
dc.descriptionResearch completed at Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professionsen_US
dc.description.abstractThe lower trapezius (LT) muscle is important for normal shoulder function. Evidence for optimal strengthening exercises and dosage for a weak LT muscle does not exists. Our goal was to determine if purported LT strengthening exercises are effective. Shoulder external rotation, prone elevation in the scapular plane, and scapular retraction were used in this study. Fifty-five healthy participants (33 experimental; 22 control) between the ages of 20-30 participated. Strength was assessed with hand held dynamometer pre-training and post-training at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. A mixed 2-way ANOVA assessed differences between experimental and control LT strength at the various time frames. Results found no difference between experimental and control groups LT strength pre-training and post-training 4, 8, and 12 weeks.en_US
dc.format.extent231161 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWichita State University. Graduate Schoolen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesGRASPen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesv.5en_US
dc.titleEffects of Lower Trapezius Muscle Strengthening Exercisesen_US
dc.typeConference paperen_US


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