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dc.contributor.authorMpinga, Emmanuel Kabengele
dc.contributor.authorMacias, Aurelie
dc.contributor.authorHasselgard-Rowe, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorKandala, Ngianga-Bakwin
dc.contributor.authorFelicien, Tshimungu Kandolo
dc.contributor.authorVerloo, Henk
dc.contributor.authorBukonda, Ngoyi K. Zacharie
dc.contributor.authorChastonay, Philippe
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-20T18:10:34Z
dc.date.available2017-04-20T18:10:34Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationEmmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Aurélie Macias, Jennifer Hasselgard-Rowe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, Henk Verloo, Ngoyi K. Zacharie Bukonda, and Philippe Chastonay Female genital mutilation: a systematic review of research on its economic and social impacts across four decades Global Health Action Vol. 9 , Iss. 1,2016en_US
dc.identifier.issn1654-9880
dc.identifier.otherWOS:000395813400001
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.31489
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/12951
dc.descriptionThis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Articles on FGM have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non-governmental organizations, governments, as well as religious and civil society groups to end the practice. However, the consequences of this research are not well known, and it seems that the socioeconomic aspects of the practice are underreported. Objective: This review aims to characterize over a 40-year period the scientific output on the consequences of FGM in African countries, the most affected region known for the high prevalence of FGM, and review data on the socioeconomic consequences of the practice. Design: A systematic review of literature was done, looking at the following databases: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, BDSP, Web of Science, PsycINFO, FRANCIS, Sociological Abstracts, WHOLIS, RERO, and SAPHIR. The analysis was limited to articles concerning the African continent, published in English and French, from January 1, 1972, to December 31, 2011. Results: One hundred ninety-eight articles were reviewed. More than half of the articles were published during the last decade of the study period. The majority of papers were published in biomedical journals (64.1%). Most studies looked at Africa as a region (33.3%). Nigeria was the single country most investigated (19.2%), followed by Egypt (10.6%). Most first authors were affiliated to non-African countries (60.6%): among them 21.2% were US-based, 4% were from African institutions, and 16.2% from Nigeria. The medical and psychological consequences (51.5%) and the prevalence and ethics of the practice (34.4%) were the most frequently investigated topics. The socioeconomic consequences were addressed in a minority of the papers (14.1%): they were classified into direct economic consequences (2.5%), school attendance (1%), marriageability (2%), sexual and marital consequences (3.5%), fertility (2.5%), domestic violence (1%), and discrimination (1.5%). Conclusions: The publication of articles on the consequences of FGM is increasing, but there is little research on the socioeconomic consequences of the practice. More scientific data focusing on this dimension is necessary to strengthen prevention, advocacy, and intervention campaigns.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis LTDen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesGlobal Health Action;v.9:no.1
dc.subjectFfemale genital mutilationen_US
dc.subjectSystematic reviewen_US
dc.subjectAfricaen_US
dc.subjectMedical and psychological consequencesen_US
dc.subjectPrevalence and ethicsen_US
dc.subjectSocioeconomic consequencesen_US
dc.titleFemale genital mutilation: a systematic review of research on its economic and social impacts across four decadesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2016 Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga et al.en_US


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